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Table 4 Clinical characteristics of patients with uncontrolled clinic BP (group II), according to dipping status.

From: Non-dipper treated hypertensive patients do not have increased cardiac structural alterations

  Dippers (n = 42)   Nondippers (n = 30) P
Age (years) 55.7 ± 10.7   56.7 ± 9.3 NS
Gender (M/F) 27/15   20/10 NS
Body mass index (kg/m2) 25.4 ± 2.9   26.5 ± 2.6 NS
Duration of HT (years) 6.1 ± 5.0   6.6 ± 4.9 NS
Current smokers (%) 26.1   29.3 NS
Heart rate (b/min) 73.40 ± 12.25   71.27 ± 12.04 NS
   Clinic BP   
SBP (mmHg) 157.3 ± 14.7   158.8 ± 15.3 NS
DBP (mmHg) 95.6 ± 7.6   97.1 ± 8.9 NS
   Ambulatory BP   
24-h SBP (mmHg) 130.7 ± 10.7   131.7 ± 12.3 NS
24-h DBP (mmHg) 79.9 ± 8.7   81.5 ± 7.8 NS
Daytime SBP (mmHg) 137.4 ± 11.1   134.7 ± 12.3 NS
Daytime DBP (mmHg) 85.4 ± 9.1   85.3 ± 7.9 NS
Nighttime SBP (mmHg) 116.4 ± 11.0   126.7 ± 12.9 0.01
Nighttime DBP (mmHg) 68.5 ± 8.3   75.4 ± 9.2 0.01
Blood glucose (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 0.73   5.5 ± 0.81 NS
T serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.77 ± 0.71   5.92 ± 1.21 NS
LVM (g) 196.8 ± 41.6   214.5 ± 61.5 NS
LVMI (g/m2) 109.3 ± 19.8   113.5 ± 29.6 NS
LVMI (g/m2.7) 49.1 ± 9.9   50.6 ± 13.2 NS
RWT 0.42 ± 0.05   0.43 ± 0.05 NS
SF (%) 40.1 ± 7.1   39.3 ± 6.7 NS
E/A 1.4 ± 0.4   1.3 ± 0.5 NS