Skip to main content

Table 5 Clinical characteristics of patients with refractory hypertension (group III), according to dipping status.

From: Non-dipper treated hypertensive patients do not have increased cardiac structural alterations

  Dippers (n= 36)   Nondippers (n= 63) P
Age (years) 53.8 ± 13.5   57.8 ± 11.4 NS
Gender (M/F) 24/12   23/40 NS
Body mass index (kg/m2) 28.5 ± 3.6   27.6 ± 4.9 NS
Duration of HT (years) 7.2 ± 5.4   7.1 ± 5.2 NS
Current smokers (%) 29.9   22.1 NS
Heart rate (b/min) 71.5 ± 10.4   69.2 ± 10.9 NS
   Clinic BP   
SBP (mmHg) 160.1 ± 22.0   165.9 ± 23.6 NS
DBP (mmHg) 99.9 ± 11.2   97.0 ± 11.4 NS
   Ambulatory BP   
24-h SBP (mmHg) 142.5 ± 14.6   144.9 ± 18.0 NS
24-h DBP (mmHg) 88.2 ± 10.3   84.2 ± 12.4 NS
Daytime SBP (mmHg) 149.0 ± 15.2   146.3 ± 19.4 NS
Daytime DBP (mmHg) 93.6 ± 11.0   87.6 ± 11.1 0.05
Nighttime SBP (mmHg) 126.7 ± 13.4   140.4 ± 19.4 0.001
Nighttime DBP (mmHg) 74.2 ± 9.0   79.8 ± 10.8 0.05
Blood glucose (mmol/l) 5.37 ± 0.66   5.97 ± 2.03 NS
T serum cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.83 ± 1.09   5.63 ± 0.95 NS
Serum creatinine (μmol/l) 95.01 ± 21.02   87.76 ± 24.30 NS
LVM (g) 249.5 ± 84.6   228.7 ± 74.6 NS
LVMI (g/m2) 130.6 ± 37.8   126.6 ± 33.7 NS
LVMI (g/m2.7) 61.2 ± 17.4   58.4 ± 17.5 NS
RWT 0.43 ± 0.06   0.45 ± 0.08 NS
SF (%) 38.4 ± 7.4   38.2 ± 7.9 NS
E/A 1.0 ± 0.3   1.1 ± 0.2 NS