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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the two groups of patients

From: Enoximone echocardiography: a novel test to evaluate left ventricular contractile reserve in patients with heart failure on chronic beta-blocker therapy

  noBB Group BB Group p value
BP (mmHg) 114 ± 16 116 ± 12 0.76
HR (beats/min) 72 ± 8 70 ± 10 0.45
EDV (ml) 257 ± 88 296 ± 87 0.28
ESV (ml) 174 ± 73 219 ± 82 0.16
EF (%) 33.3 ± 6 27.7 ± 7 0.04
bsv (cm/s) 3.18 ± 1.79 4.12 ± 1.51 0.17
msv (cm/s) 2.25 ± 2.08 4.08 ± 2.01 0.03
blv (cm/s) 3.64 ± 1.58 2.96 ± 1.87 0.33
mlv (cm/s) 2.92 ± 1.88 2.35 ± 1.43 0.41
biv (cm/s) 3.77 ± 1.85 3.55 ± 1.45 0.75
miv (cm/s) 3.34 ± 2.58 3.10 ± 3.59 0.78
bav (cm/s) 3.74 ± 1.62 3.74 ± 2.41 1.00
mav (cm/s) 2.76 ± 1.74 2.41 ± 2.39 0.66
  1. BP = blood pressure; HR = heart rate; EDV = end-diastolic volume; ESV = end-systolic volume; EF = left ventricular ejection fraction.; bsv = basal septum velocity; msv = medium septum velocity; blv = basal lateral velocity, mlv = medium lateral velocity, biv = basal inferior velocity, miv = medium inferior velocity, bav = basal anterior velocity, mav = medium anterior velocity.