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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in European populations based on cross-validated diagnostic thresholds

  Entire population Reference group
Characteristic FLEMENGHO (n = 782) EPOGH (n = 476) FLEMENGHO (n = 338) EPOGH (n = 185)
Anthropometrics     
Women, n (%) 402 (51.4) 265 (55.7) 172 (50.9) 110 (59.8)
Age, y 51.1 ± 15.4 44.5 ± 15.1‡ 42.5 ± 13.1 34.6 ± 11.7‡
Height, cm 168.7 ± 9.46 168.0 ± 9.0 170.4 ± 9.1 168.7 ± 8.76*
Weight, kg 75.4 ± 14.4 76.3 ± 16.4 69.7 ± 11.4 66.1 ± 11.8‡
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.5 ± 4.31 27.0 ± 5.21 24.0 ± 2.76 23.1 ± 3.2†
Waist circumference, cm 89.9 ± 12.3 89.6 ± 14.1 82.5 ± 9.24 79.2 ± 9.9‡
Systolic pressure, mm Hg 129.5 ± 17.6 130.5 ± 19.9 118.3 ± 9.5 117.1 ± 11.5
Diastolic pressure, mm Hg 79.6 ± 9.46 81.3 ± 12.4* 75.2 ± 7.32 74.1 ± 7.9
Heart rate, beats/minute 60.8 ± 9.63 67.0 ± 10.6‡ 60.3 ± 8.8 66.3 ± 9.5‡
Questionnaire data     
Current smoking, n (%) 167 (21.4) 102 (21.9) 98 (29.0) 40 (21.9)
Drinking alcohol, n (%) 312 (39.9) 144 (30.2)‡ 157 (46.4) 43 (23.2)‡
Hypertensive, n (%) 323 (41.3) 211 (44.3) ... ...
Treated for hypertension, n (%) 198 (25.32) 127 (27.2) ... ...
Diabetes, n (%) 29 (3.71) 25 (5.25) ... ...
  1. Values are mean (± SD), or number of subjects (%). *P ≤ 0.05; †P ≤ 0.01; ‡P ≤ 0.001