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Table 6 Indications to PVLs Closure

From: Percutaneous treatment of patients with heart diseases: selection, guidance and follow-up. A review

CLINICAL INDICATIONS CLINICAL CONTRAINDICATIONS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC INDICATIONS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC CONTRAINDICATIONS
Symptoms of Congestive Heart Failure in Patients Not Candidates for Surgery
Severe Hemolysis in Patients Not Candidates for Surgery
Severe Pulmonary Hypertension Adequate
Echocardiographic Visualization
Active Infection or Vegetations
Unstable Rocking Valve
Intracardiac Thrombus
Large Leaks
Leaks Close to the Point of Maximum Leaflets Excursion