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Table 1 Retrograde, antegrade, and mean blood velocity at baseline and during exercise

From: Brachial Artery Flow-mediated Dilation Following Exercise with Augmented Oscillatory and Retrograde Shear Rate

  Baseline Exercise
  Control Cuffed Control Cuffed
Retrograde BV (cm/s)     
20 mmHg 2.6 ± 0.51 2.6 ± 0.57 10.1 ± 1.10^ 11.0 ± 1.34^*
40 mmHg 2.4 ± 0.42 2.3 ± 0.54 9.8 ± 0.98^ 13.4 ± 1.20^*
60 mmHg 2.9 ± 0.47 2.8 ± 0.54 11.1 ± 1.01^ 14.8 ± 1.22^†*
60 mmHg + Vit C 2.4 ± 0.42 2.2 ± 0.41 10.4 ± 0.78^ 14.5 ± 1.17^*
Antegrade BV (cm/s)     
20 mmHg 11.3 ± 2.11 11.5 ± 1.63 21.6 ± 2.53^ 21.5 ± 2.08^
40 mmHg 8.6 ± 0.80 10.7 ± 2.25 19.1 ± 1.51^ 21.0 ± 1.35^
60 mmHg 9.8 ± 0.80ǂ 10.1 ± 0.84ǂ 19.8 ± 1.35^ 21.4 ± 1.48^*
60 mmHg + Vit C 8.0 ± 0.40 8.6 ± 0.56 18.0 ± 1.03^ 21.9 ± 1.65^*
Mean BV (cm/s)     
20 mmHg 8.7 ± 2.40 8.9 ± 1.92 11.6 ± 3.20^ 10.5 ± 2.70*
40 mmHg 6.2 ± 1.01 8.4 ± 2.43 9.3 ± 2.04^ 7.5 ± 1.54*
60 mmHg 7.0 ± 0.84 7.3 ± 1.01 8.8 ± 1.88 6.6 ± 1.77*
60 mmHg + Vit C 5.7 ± 0.54 6.4 ± 0.72 7.6 ± 1.12 7.4 ± 1.56
  1. Values are means ± SE. BV = blood velocity. ^Significantly different versus baseline. †Significantly different versus exercise cuffed 20 mm Hg. *Significantly different versus control arm. ǂSignificantly different versus vitamin C trial.