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Table 2 Echocardiographic findings in the three groups

From: Evaluation of right and left ventricular function using speckle tracking echocardiography in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and their first degree relatives

  ARVC (n = 17) Relatives (n = 19) Controls (n = 22) P-value*
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
LV diameter (mm) 52.6 (6.4) 54.6 (4.4) 51.3 (2.9) 0.009
RVOT/BSA (cm/m 2 ) 2.0 (0.4) 1.6 (0.2) 1.6 (0.2) 0.981
RVIT/BSA (cm/m 2 ) 2.3 (0.5) 1.9 (0.2) 1.8 (0.2) 0.674
LVOT VTI (cm) 18.8 (5.5) 21.3 (2.5) 20.9 (2.4) 0.555
TAPSE (mm) 19.1 (5.0) 25.3 (2.9) 25.3 (3.0) 0.963
Sw lat. LV (cm/s) 6.6 (2.3) 7.3 (1.2) 8.5 (1.9) 0.018
Sw Sept. (cm/s) 5.7 (1.6) 6.6 (1.0) 7.1 (0.9) 0.115
Sw RV free wall (cm/s) 8.2 (2.5) 11.2 (1.9) 11.6 (1.7) 0.545
E/A LV 1.3 (0.5) 1.8 (0.6) 1.7 (0.4) 0.600
E/E’ LV 8.8 (3.2) 6.4 (2.1) 6.1 (1.6) 0.608
2D strain LV base (%) −17.3 (4.4) −19.6 (2.7) −20.2 (3.5) 0.518
2D strain LV mid (%) −15.3 (4.9) −18.3 (3.2) −18.3 (2.4) 0.968
2D strain sept base (%) −14.9 (3.6) −15.8 (2.9) −17.8 (2.5) 0.025
2D strain sept mid (%) −15.2 (5.6) −18.5 (2.9) −18.2 (2.1) 0.636
2D strain RV base (%) −16.0 (6.8) −26.8 (2.9) −28.5 (3.6) 0.121
2D strain RV mid (%) −18.9 (5.9) −27.3 (4.5) −27.2 (3.5) 0.945
  1. * Controls vs. relatives using Student’s t-test.
  2. Right ventricular outflow and inflow diameter related to BSA(RVOT/BSA resp.RVIT/BSA), Left ventricular outflow velocity time integral (LVOT VTI), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), systolic velocity at AV-plane in lateral LV (SwLV), septum (Sw sept) and RV wall (Sw RV).