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Table 1 Reference ranges of left and right atrial indexed volumes (LAVI and RAVI) and of ejection fractions of both atria (LAEF and RAEF) obtained with real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE).

From: Novel echocardiographic techniques to assess left atrial size, anatomy and function

RT3DE Males
(n = 75)
Females
(n = 84)
Total Study Population (n = 159)
LAVI max (ml/m2) 15-42 15-39 15-41
LAVI min (ml/m2) 6-20 5-18 5-19
LAEF (%) 46-77 44-80 45-79
RAVI max (ml/m2) 18-50 17-41 18-47
RAVI min (ml/m2) 7-22 5-18 5-20
RAEF (%) 46-74 48-83 46-80
  1. [Modified from Aune et al. Eur J Echocardiogr 2009;10:738-44]