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Table 1 Baseline clinical characteristics of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) as compared to the control group

From: Speckle echocardiographic left atrial strain and stiffness index as predictors of maintenance of sinus rhythm after cardioversion for atrial fibrillation: a prospective study

  AF (41) n (%) Controls (41) n (%) P value
Mean age (years) 64.5 ± 4.0 61.7 ± 2.4 0.12
Sex (M/F) 29/12 13/28 <0.01
BMI (Kg/m2) 32.5 ± 2.3 25.8 ± 1.6 <0.01
Comorbid conditions:
HTN 30 (73.2) 16 (39) <0.01
CAD 14 (34.1) 4 (9.7) <0.01
Systolic HF 13 (31.7) 0 <0.01
CVA 1 (2.4) 0 1.0
DM 11 (26.8) 4 (9.7) 0.08
Dyslipidemia 24 (58.5) 9 (21.9) <0.01
Medications:
Statins 22 (53.6) 6 (14.6) <0.01
Beta blockers 27 (65.8) 9 (21.9) <0.01
ACE-i/ARB 24 (58.5) 8 (19.5) <0.01
CCB 17 (41.5) 5 (12.2) <0.01
Digoxin 4 (9.7) 0 0.11
Diuretics 21 (51.2) 5 (12.2) <0.01
ASA 30 (73.2) 5 (12.2) <0.01
Clopidogrel 2 (4.8) 0 0.49
Warfarin 28 (68.3) 3 (7.3) <0.01
Heparin 4 (9.7) 0 0.11
Amiodarone 8 (19.5) 0 <0.01
Sotalol 5 (12.2) 0 0.05
Other anti-arrhythmics 4 (9.7) 0 0.11
  1. BMI – Body Mass Index, HTN – Hypertension, CAD – Coronary artery disease, HF- Heart failure, DM – Diabetes Mellitus, CVA – Cerebrovascular accident, ACE-i/ARB – Angiotensinogen converting enzyme inhibitors/Angiotensin receptor blockers, CCB – Calcium channel blockers, ASA - Aspirin.