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Table 3 Baseline clinical characteristics of patients in the maintained sinus rhythm (MSR) group as compared to the atrial fibrillation recurrence (AFR) group

From: Speckle echocardiographic left atrial strain and stiffness index as predictors of maintenance of sinus rhythm after cardioversion for atrial fibrillation: a prospective study

  MSR (27) n (%) AFR (14) n (%) P value
Mean age (years) 65 ± 5.0 64 ± 6.8 0.9
Sex (M/F) 21/6 8/6 0.28
BMI (Kg/m2) 32 ± 3.0 34 ± 3.6 0.26
Comorbid conditions:    
HTN 21 (77.8) 12 (85.7) 0.69
CAD 9 (33.3) 5 (35.7) 1.0
Systolic HF 11 (40.7) 3 (21.4) 0.3
CVA 0 (0) 1 (7.1) 0.34
DM 5 (18.5) 6 (42.8) 0.14
Dyslipidemia 16 (59.2) 8 (57.1) 1.0
Medications:    
Statins 14 (51.8) 8 (57.1) 1.0
Beta blockers 20 (74.1) 7 (50.0) 0.17
ACE-i/ARB 14 (51.8) 11 (78.5) 0.17
CCB 12 (44.5) 6 (42.8) 1.0
Digoxin 2 (7.4) 2 (14.3) 0.59
Diuretics 16 (59.2) 5 (35.7) 0.19
ASA 18 (66.7) 12 (85.7) 0.28
Clopidogrel 1 (3.7) 1 (7.1) 1.0
Warfarin 18 (66.7) 10 (71.4) 1.0
Heparin 1 (3.7) 3 (21.4) 0.11
Amiodarone 7 (25.9) 1 (7.1) 0.23
Sotalol 2 (7.4) 3 (21.4) 0.32
Other anti-arrhythmics 3 (11.1) 1 (7.1) 1.0
  1. BMI – Body Mass Index, HTN – Hypertension, CAD – Coronary artery disease, HF- Heart failure, DM – Diabetes Mellitus, CVA – Cerebrovascular accident, ACE-i/ARB – Angiotensinogen converting enzyme inhibitors/Angiotensin receptor blockers, CCB – Calcium channel blockers, ASA - Aspirin.