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Table 1 Comparisons of characteristics among study subjects

From: Additional value of lateral tissue Doppler imaging in the assessment of diastolic dysfunction among subjects with pseudonormal pattern of mitral inflow

Characteristic All (n = 122) Concordance group (n = 50) Discordance group (n = 72) p *
Age, years 56.0 ± 13.2 59.6 ± 14.1 53.5 ± 12.0 0.012
Male sex, n (%) 59 (48.4) 23 (46.0) 36 (50.0) 0.664
BMI, kg/m2 25.2 ± 4.1 25.7 ± 4.1 24.6 ± 4.2 0.336
Hypertension, n (%) 51 (41.8) 24 (48.0) 27 (37.5) 0.248
Diabetes, n (%) 17 (13.9) 10 (20.0) 7 (9.7) 0.107
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 19 (15.6) 12 (16.7) 7 (14.0) 0.690
Echocardiographic parameters     
   LVESD, mm 29.6 ± 3.6 30.7 ± 3.4 28.8 ± 3.5 0.004
   LVEDD, mm 48.0 ± 4.3 49.5 ± 3.0 47.4 ± 3.0 < 0.001
   LVEF, % 68.1 ± 5.0 67.4 ± 5.8 68.6 ± 4.2 0.213
   LVSWT, mm 9.3 ± 1.4 9.5 ± 1.7 9.2 ± 1.3 0.234
   LVPWT, mm 9.2 ± 1.3 9.2 ± 1.6 9.1 ± 1.0 0.563
   LA dimension, mm 36.7 ± 5.2 39.0 ± 5.3 35.2 ± 4.6 < 0.001
   LA volume index, ml/m2 21.4 ± 8.6 26.4 ± 8.8 17.9 ± 6.6 < 0.001
   E wave velocity, cm/s 80 ± 16 84 ± 19 77 ± 13 0.027
   A wave velocity, cm/s 64 ± 14 68 ± 16 61 ± 12 0.009
   Deceleration time, ms 205 ± 36 208 ± 41 202 ± 32 0.384
   Septal e’ velocity, cm/s 7.1 ± 1.7 6.4 ± 1.7 7.5 ± 1.6 < 0.001
   Septal a’ velocity, cm/s 9.5 ± 2.1 9.3 ± 2.1 9.7 ± 2.0 < 0.001
   Lateral e’ velocity, cm/s 10.0 ± 2.6 8.2 ± 2.0 11.1 ± 2.1 0.027
   Lateral a’ velocity, cm/s 9.6 ± 2.2 10.6 ± 2.5 8.9 ± 1.8 0.009
   E/e’ (septal) 12.2 ± 5.2 14.5 ± 6.4 10.7 ± 3.5 < 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, LVESD left ventricular end-systolic dimension, LVEDD left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, LVSWT left ventricular septal wall thickness, LVPWT left ventricular posterior wall thickness, LA left atrium.
  2. *significance from the result of comparison between concordance and discordance groups.