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Table 5 Relationship between change in ultrasound measurements and change in risk factors

From: One, two and three-dimensional ultrasound measurements of carotid atherosclerosis before and after cardiac rehabilitation: preliminary results of a randomized controlled trial

Change in risk factors ∆IMT (mm) ∆TPA (cm2) ∆TPV (mm3) ∆VWV (mm3)
r p r p r p r p
  Group A
  n = 16 n = 18 n = 13 n = 12
∆ BMI (kg/m2) 0.48 0.45 0.27 1.00 0.21 0.99 0.16 1.00
∆ TC (mmol/L) -0.10 0.71 0.00 1.00 0.33 1.00 0.19 1.00
∆ HDL (mmol/L) -0.23 1.00 0.13 1.00 0.46 0.81 0.07 1.00
∆ LDL (mmol/L -0.18 1.00 0.14 1.00 0.21 1.00 0.17 1.00
∆ TG (mmol/L) 0.21 1.00 -0.03 1.00 0.06 0.85 0.28 1.00
∆ SBP (mmHg) -0.19 1.00 -0.11 1.00 0.28 1.00 -0.04 0.91
∆ DBP (mmHg) -0.39 0.83 0.06 1.00 -0.44 0.71 -0.12 1.00
  Group B
  n = 19 n = 17 n = 18 n = 16
∆ BMI (kg/m2) -0.19 1.00 -0.26 1.00 0.02 1.00 -0.17 1.00
∆ TC (mmol/L) 0.23 1.00 -0.11 1.00 -0.21 1.00 -0.30 0.76
∆ HDL (mmol/L) 0.15 1.00 -0.08 1.00 0.02 0.95 -0.31 0.95
∆ LDL (mmol/L 0.25 1.00 -0.23 1.00 -0.30 1.00 -0.35 0.92
∆ TG (mmol/L) 0.14 1.00 0.30 1.00 -0.05 1.00 0.11 0.69
∆ SBP (mmHg) 0.02 0.93 -0.46 0.44 0.05 1.00 0.40 0.74
∆ DBP (mmHg) 0.55 0.11 0.06 0.82 -0.46 0.38 -0.44 0.60
  1. BMI = body mass index; TC = total cholesterol; HDL = high density lipoprotein; LDL = low density lipoprotein; TG = triglycerides; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; IMT = intima-media thickness; TPA = total plaque area; TPV = total plaque volume; VWV = vessel wall volume; ∆, Delta = FU-BL.