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Table 3 Echocardiographic characteristics at baseline and follow-up

From: Predictors and prognosis of early ischemic mitral regurgitation in the era of primary percutaneous coronary revascularisation

Variable ALL (n = 174; 100%) No MR (n = 95; 55%) Mild MR (n = 60; 34%) Moderate or severe MR (n = 19; 11%) P value
Baseline (POST-PCI)
LVEDD (mm) 47 ± 6 46 ± 1 47 ± 1 48 ± 1 0.40
LVESD (mm) 35 ± 7 34 ± 1 36 ± 1 38 ± 2 0.02
LVESD >40 mm 39 (22%) 15 (16%) 18 (30%) 6 (32%) 0.07
LVEDV (ml) 102 ± 35 100 ± 4 104 ± 5 107 ± 8 0.68
LVESV (ml) 57 ± 29 53 ± 3 59 ± 4 66 ± 7 0.16
LVEF (%) 46 ± 12 48 ± 1* 45 ± 2* 41 ± 3 0.03
LV sphericity – diastole (%) 0.55 ± 0.07 0.54 ± 0.01 0.56 ± 0.01 0.56 ± 0.02* 0.29
LA volume - indexed (ml/m2) 26 ± 9 23 ± 1* 28 ± 1 36 ± 2 <0.0001
MR – Vena Contracta (cm) 0 [0 – 0.23] 0 [0 – 0]* 0.19 [0.10 – 0.27] 0.62 [0.53 – 0.7]* <0.0001
PASP (mmHg) 29 ± 10 26 ± 1 29 ± 1 43 ± 3 <0.0001
Long-term follow-up
LVEDD (mm) 48 ± 9 48 ± 1 48 ± 1 51 ± 2 0.34
LVESD (mm) 35 ± 10 34 ± 1 35 ± 1 39 ± 2 0.11
LVEDV (ml) 114 ± 47 111 ± 5 116 ± 6 120 ± 10 0.71
LVESV (ml) 59 ± 40 56 ± 4 60 ± 5 72 ± 9 0.27
LVEF (%) 52 ± 13 53 ± 1* 52 ± 2* 44 ± 3 0.02
LV sphericity – diastole (%) 0.57 ± 0.09 0.55 ± 0.01 0.57 ± 0.01 0.61 ± 0.02* 0.01
LA size - indexed (ml/m2) 30 ± 12 27 ± 1* 30 ± 2 41 ± 3 <0.0001
MR – Vena Contracta (cm) 0.1 [0 – 0.23] 0 [0 – 0.19]* 0.12 [0 – 0.24] 0.54 [0.44 – 0.6]* <0.0001
PASP (mmHg) 28 ± 10 26 ± 1 27 ± 1 36 ± 2 0.001
  1. *Difference between baseline and long-term follow-up values is statistically significant; (all p-values ≤ 0.03).
  2. LVEDD – Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter; LVESD – Left ventricular end-systolic diameter; LVEDV – Left ventricular end-diastolic volume; LVESV – Left ventricular end-systolic volume; LVEF – Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction; LA – Left atrium; MR- Mitral regurgitation; PASP – Pulmonary artery systolic pressure.