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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of all patients and the comparisons between patients with and without left atrial enlargement

From: Left atrial volume as an independent predictor of exercise capacity in patients with isolated diastolic dysfunction presented with exertional dyspnea

Variables Total (N = 111) LAVI < 29 ml/m2(N = 52) LAVI ≥ 29 ml/m2(N = 59) P-value
Age (years) 58.1 ± 9.2 55.9 ± 8.8 60.1 ± 9.2 0.018
Male gender 60 (54.1) 30 (57.7) 30 (50.8) 0.470
BMI (kg/m2) 25.7 ± 3.8 25.6 ± 3.3 25.7 ± 4.1 0.960
Hypertension 71 (64.0) 31 (59.6) 40 (67.8) 0.370
Diabetes mellitus 23 (20.7) 9 (17.3) 14 (23.7) 0.405
Smoking 9 (8.1) 5 (9.6) 4 (6.8) 0.732
Dyslipidemia 64 (57.7) 33 (63.5) 31 (52.5) 0.245
Betablocker 50 (45.0) 22 (42.3) 28 (47.5) 0.586
ACEI/ARB 40 (36.0) 19 (37.3) 21 (35.6) 0.857
Diuretics 9 (8.1) 3 (5.7) 6 (10.2) 0.503
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation and number (percentage).
  2. P values are for comparisons between 2 groups.
  3. ACEI/ARB = Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker; BMI = Body mass index; LAVI = Left atrial volume index.