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Table 4 Published reference data of right ventricular function by 2D and 3D echocardiography

From: Reference intervals for the echocardiographic measurements of the right heart in children and adolescents: a systematic review

Measurement Method Boettler[45] Clark[42] Innelli[22] Jin[23] Koestenberger[26] Moiduddin[13] Norgard[51] Nunez-Gil[28] Seguela[33] Suleymanoglu[6]
RV Volume and -output
End-diastolic volume 3D echocardiography          x  
End-systolic volume          x  
End-diastolic volume Ellipsoid   x         
End-systolic volume   x         
End-diastolic volume Simpson's single-plane     x    x    x
End-systolic volume     x    x    x
Stroke volume 3D echocardiography          x  
Stroke volume Ellipsoid   x         
Stroke volume Simpson's single-plane     x    x    
%FAC        x     
Ejection fraction 3D echocardiography          x  
Ejection fraction Ellipsoid   x         
Ejection fraction Simpson's single-plane x    x    x    
RV output Ellipsoid   x         
TAPSE     x   x    x   
  1. RV, right ventricle; 3D, three-dimensional; %FAC, percentage fractional area change; TAPSE, tricuspid annular peak systolic excursion.