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Table 2 Echocardiographic data

From: Left atrial dysfunction detected by speckle tracking in patients with systemic sclerosis

Echo variables Group 1 (SSc) 42 pts Group 2 (Controls) 42 pts p
EF (%) 63.1 ± 4 66.1 ± 4 ns
LA indexed volumes (ml/m2) 24.9 ± 5.3 24.7 ± 4.4 ns
E/A 1.1 ± 0.4 1.3 ± 0.4 ns
E/e’ 7.6 ± 2.4 6.5 ± 1.7 p˂0.05
PASP (mmHg) 24.1 ± 8 21 ± 7 ns
sec ϵ pos peak (%) 18.4 ± 4 21.4 ± 7.6 p˂0.05
ϵ neg peak (%) -12.9 ± 2 -13.6 ± 3 ns
ϵ pos peak (%) 31.3 ± 4.2 35 ± 7.6 p˂0.01
  1. ϵ pos peak: positive peak left atrial longitudinal strain; sec ϵ pos peak: second positive peak left atrial longitudinal strain; ϵ neg peak – negative peak left atrial longitudinal strain; A: mitral inflow late pulsatile Doppler wave; E: mitral inflow early pulsatile Doppler wave; e’: early diastolic mitral annular velocity; EF: ejection fraction; LA: left atrium; PASP: pulmonary artery systolic pressure; SSc: systemic sclerosis.