Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 General and echocardiographic parameters of BAV, normals and TAV athletes

From: 3D Strain helps relating LV function to LV and structure in athletes

   Controls TAV-Athletes BAV-Athletes
Age [years] 19.1 ± 3.6 20.1 ± 3.5 21.4 ± 7.2
HR [bpm] 70 ± 6.3 70.2 ± 11 66.1 ± 7.9
BMI [Kg/m2 ] 21.7 ± 2.4 22.7 ± 2.5 22.6 ± 3.4
SBP [mmHg] 114 ± 5.1 116.2 ± 6.5 115.8 ± 7.5
DBP [mmHg] 74.7 ± 5.2*x 70 ± 4.1 69 ± 8
CMI [g/m2] 103.3 ± 9.1 108.3 ± 17.1 113.7 ± 21.6
Ao Root [mm] 29.6 ± 2.3 30.3 ± 2.2 32.9 ± 5.8
LA [mm] 33.4 ± 2.4 33.1 ± 2.1 32.9 ± 3.1
IVS [mm] 9.1 ± 0.6 9.3 ± 1 9.7 ± 1.3
PW [mm] 9.1 ± 0.6 9.2 ± 0.9 9.4 ± 1.3
LVEDd [mm] 50.3 ± 2.1 50.9 ± 3.7 51.2 ± 4.7
LVESd [mm] 32 ± 2.6 32.1 ± 3.1 33 ± 3.6
EF [%] 66.3 ± 4 66.3 ± 4 63.7 ± 2.6
E peak [cm/s] 87 ± 16.5‡# 90.1 ± 18.3 75.9 ± 14.3
A peak [cm/s] 53.5 ± 17.2 47.7 ± 11.9 46.1 ± 13.5
DT [ms] 169.9 ± 19.9 178.1 ± 28.3 201.2 ± 13.5
IVRT [ms] 73.1 ± 8.1 76.6 ± 10.2 74 ± 13.5
  1. Legend: HR: heart rate; BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; Ao Root: aorta; LA: left atrium; PW: Posterior wall; LVESd: left ventricle end systolic diameter; LVEDd; left ventricle end diastolic diameter; EF: ejection fraction; DT: deceleration time; IVRT: isovolumetric relaxation time; Controls vs. TAV: *p = .014. Controls vs. BAV: xp = .023, p = .044, +p = .026, p = .040,p = .006. TAV vs. BAV: §p = .028, #p = .018.