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Table 2 Clinical predictors of increased perioperative cardiovascular risk

From: Perioperative risk stratification in non cardiac surgery: role of pharmacological stress echocardiography

  Recent myocardial infarction (<30d)
  Unstable or severe angina
  Decompensated congestive heart failure
  High-grade atrioventricular block
  Symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias in the presence of underlying heart disease
  Supraventricular arrhythmias with uncontrolled ventricular rate
  Severe valvular disease
  Mild angina pectoris
  Prior myocardial infarction by history or pathological Q waves
  Compensated or prior congestive heart failure
  Diabetes mellitus
  Advanced age
  Abnormal ECG
  Rhythm other than sinus
  Low functional capacity
  History of stroke
  Uncontrolled systemic hypertension
  1. Modified from [3]