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Table 1 Clinical and biochemical attributes of Oji-Cree at baseline and carotid measurements after 7 years

From: A comparison of ultrasound measurements to assess carotid atherosclerosis development in subjects with and without type 2 diabetes

  Diabetic subjects Non-diabetic subjects P-value
number/females 49/26 49/26  
attributes at screening    
age (years) 40.3 ± 1.8 40.4 ± 1.8 NS (0.96)
duration of diabetes (years) 2.20 ± 0.62 - -
current smokers (%) 18.4 10.2 NS (0.25)
hypertensive (%) 36.7 32.7 NS (0.67)
antihypertensive treatment (%) 16.3 8.2 NS (0.22)
body mass index (kg/m2) 29.6 ± 0.5 29.5 ± 0.6 NS (0.75)
waist circumference (cm) 101 ± 1.4 99.8 ± 1.5 NS (0.63)
TC:HDL ratio 4.95 ± 0.18 4.10 ± 0.17 0.0006
plasma triglycerides (mmol/L) 2.25 ± 0.14 1.53 ± 0.11 <0.0001
plasma glucose (mmol/L) 10.79 ± 0.63 5.53 ± 0.07 <0.0001
serum insulin (pmol/L) 157 ± 12 133 ± 9 NS (0.16)
time elapsed since screening (years) 7.34 ± 0.10 7.33 ± 0.10 NS (0.96)
mean IMT (μ m) 795 ± 19 789 ± 26 NS (0.49)
mean TPV (mm3) 109.9 ± 23.0 64.0 ± 17.0 0.037
  1. Data are means ± SE unless otherwise indicated.
  2. Abbreviations: TC, total cholesterol; HDL, high density lipoprotein; IMT, intima-media thickness; TPV, total plaque volume; NS, not significant