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Table 2 Conventional echocardiographic variables in patients and controls.

From: Myocardial involvement during the early course of type 2 diabetes mellitus: usefulness of Myocardial Performance Index

Parameters Diabetes mellitus Diabetes mellitus with hypertension Controls
LV end-diastolic diameter (mm) 50 ± 5 51 ± 5** 46 ± 5
LV end-systolic diameter (mm) 31 ± 5 33 ± 5** 28 ± 4
Septal wall thickness (mm) 10 ± 1 11.1 ± 1** 9 ± 1
Posterior wall thickness (mm) 10 ± 1** 10 ± 1** 9 ± 2
Relative wall thickness 0.42 ± 0.06 0.43 ± 0.06 0.40 ± 0.07
LV mass index (g/m2) 116 ± 25** 130 ± 22** 92 ± 23
LV fractional shortening (%) 36 ± 8 35 ± 6 39 ± 5
Ejection fraction (%) 64 ± 6 63 ± 6 64 ± 4
LV end-diastolic volume (ml) 96 ± 22 105 ± 24 97 ± 22
LV end-systolic volume (ml) 38 ± 11 44 ± 16 36 ± 12
  1. **p < 0.01 diabetics vs controls,p < 0.05 diabetic-normotensive patients vs diabetic-hypertensive patients.