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Table 1 Distribution of flow-mediated dilatation, and demographic and cardiovascular risk factors among Mexican-American (MA) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) cohorts of men and women

From: Endothelial function and urine albumin levels among asymptomatic Mexican-Americans and non-Hispanic whites

  Overall Men Women
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Parameter MA (N = 105) NHW (N = 100) MA (N = 39) NHW (N = 59) MA (N = 66) NHW (N = 41)
Risk Factors       
Age (yrs) 46 ± 13.5 49.6 ± 10.8* 46.3 ± 13.6 47.7 ± 11.3 45.9 ± 13.6 52.4 ± 9.5**
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 30.3 + 7.1 27.8 + 4.2** 30.9 ± 6.1 28.4 ± 3.5** 29.98 ± 7.6 26.9 ± 4.95*
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 172.6 ± 115.9 124.9 ± 66.6** 184.7 ± 92 135.7 ± 71** 166 ± 126.9 109.4 ± 56.2**
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 110.7 ± 29.4 123.5 ± 30.4** 112.8 ± 27.7 127.5 ± 27.7** 109.5 ± 30.4 117.8 ± 33.5
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 53.6 + 13.9 53.7 + 12.8 45.5 + 6 48.8 + 10* 57.9 + 14.2 60.9 + 12.6
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 198.7 ± 35.9 203.5 ± 37.5 195.6 ± 33.1 205.5 ± 37.9 200.3 ± 37.4 200.6 + 37.2
Systolic BP (mmHg) 124.5 ± 17.4 125.2 ± 14.4 129 ± 12.9 127.4 ± 13.4 121.9 ± 19 122.1 ± 15.4
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 72.3 ± 10.6 74.6 ± 9.8 79.1 ± 9.9 77.4 ± 9.9 68.5 ± 9 70.5 ± 8.3
Serum Glucose (mg/dl) 90.8 ± 13.4 88.7 ± 21.7* 91.7 ± 13.1 91.2 ± 26.6 90.3 ± 13.7 85 ± 10.8*
Serum Creatinine (mg/dl) 0.8 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.2** 0.94 ± 0.1 0.98 ± 0.1* 0.73 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.1**
Urinary albumin (mg/dl) 0.88 ± 0.85 1.1 ± 2.3 0.9 ± 0.9 1.3 ± 2.9 1.1 ± 1.1 0.5 ± 0.3**
Brachial Artery Baseline       
Diameter (cm) 0.389 ± 0.06 0.393 ± 0.07 0.41 ± 0.05 0.418 ± 0.04 0.322 ± 0.04 0.32 ± 0.05
Non-smokers (%) 65% 39%** 19% 27% 46% 14%**
Current smokers (%) 35% 61%** 16% 33% 19% 26%
Subclinical Disease       
Flow-mediated Dilatation % 9.1 ± 7.3 7.1 ± 6.3* 8.7 ± 6.6 6.6 ± 4.1 9.2 ± 7.4 8.9 ± 7.3
  1. *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01. P values represent the comparison between MA vs NHW for overall, men and women cohort. Abbreviations: LDL: low density lipoprotein; HDL: high density lipoprotein.