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Table 1 Patient characteristics (median, ± SD, n [%])

From: Transesophageal echocardiography in patients with cryptogenic cerebral ischemia

  All (n = 702) Ischemic stroke (n = 383, 54.6%) TIA (n = 319, 45.4%)) p
Age 57.1 (± 15.7) 61.5 (± 12.3) 51.3 (± 16.2) <0.001
Male Sex (%) 380 (54.1%) 222 (57.9%) 158 (49.5%) 0.043
Diabetes mellitus 13.0% 21.2% 7.0% 0.17
Arterial hypertension 39.5% 59.4% 25.6% 0.09
Hyperlipidemia 35.5% 50.0% 25.6% 0.07
Smoker 26.0% 27.6% 25.6% 0.82
Coronary artery disease 14.3% 21.2% 9.3% 0.31
Any pathological echo finding 369 (52.6%) 225 (58.7%) 144 (45.1%) 0.02
Number of pathological findings if any 2.24 2.43 1.92 0.003