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Table 4 TEE findings in patients with ischemic stroke and their possible therapeutic consequences.

From: Transesophageal echocardiography in patients with cryptogenic cerebral ischemia

TEE finding Possible therapeutic consequence
PFO and ASD ASS, anticoagulation, operative or interventional device closure
aortic plaques ASS, statin therapy
reduced LVEF oral anticoagulation, ASS, coronary angiography, heart failure therapy
left atrial dilatation further cardiological work-up
Spontaneous echo contrast search for intermittent atrial fibrillation, oral anticoagulation
left atrial thrombus anticoagulation, operation
thoracic aneurysm of the aorta echo control, operation
mitral valve prolapse antiarrhythmic therapy, echo follow-up, anticoagulation
aortic/mitral valve stenosis timing of valve replacement
LA-appendage thrombus oral anticoagulation