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Table 3 Right ventricular areas and area fraction obtained with 2-dimensional echocardiography from a single plane four-chamber view according to age group and gender.

From: The limited usefulness of real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography in obtaining normal reference ranges for right ventricular volumes

  Age group    
  29–39 40–49 50–59 60–80 Females Males Total
RVEDA, cm2 25 ± 6 25 ± 5 24 ± 5 24 ± 6 22 ± 4 28 ± 5 25 ± 6
RVEDAI, cm2/m2 13 ± 2 13 ± 2 12 ± 2 13 ± 3 12 ± 2 14 ± 2 13 ± 2
RVESA, cm2 14 ± 4 14 ± 4 13 ± 4 13 ± 3 12 ± 2 16 ± 4 14 ± 4
RVESAI, cm2/m2 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 7 ± 2 6 ± 1 8 ± 2 7 ± 2
RVAF, % 45 ± 10 44 ± 8 44 ± 8 46 ± 9 47 ± 8 43 ± 8 45 ± 9
  1. Continuous data presented as mean ± standard deviation. RV: right ventricular area. A: area. D: diastolic. S: systolic. I: index. AF: area fraction.