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Table 4 Echocardiographic parameters

From: Tissue Doppler Imaging can be useful to distinguish pathological from physiological left ventricular hypertrophy: a study in master athletes and mild hypertensive subjects

Parameters Athletes Hypertensives p
LVDD (mm) 52.5 ± 3.4 49.8 ± 6.2 NS
LA (mm) 39.9 ± 3.3 38.2 ± 3.7 0.001
IVS(mm) 11.1 ± 0.9 11.5 ± 0.9 NS
LW (mm) 10.5 ± 1.0 11.0 ± 1.1 0.001
EF (%) 65.3 ± 3.38 63.5 ± 1.05 NS
D% 39.5 ± 3.69 36 ± 1.82 NS
Ventricular Mass Index (gr/m2) 134.4 ± 19.7 134.5 ± 22.1 NS
RWT (h/r) 0.41 0.45 0.001
  1. LVDD = left ventricular diastolic diameter, LA = left atrium, IVS = interventricular septum, LW = Lateral wall, LVMI = left ventricular mass index, EF = ejection fraction (calculated by 2D), D% = shortening fraction, RWT = Relative Wall Thickness.