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Table 1 Clinical demographic characteristics and medical history in the study population and relation to TAPSE in univariable linear regression analysis

From: Predictors of right ventricular function as measured by tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion in heart failure

  Mean ± SD or
N (%)
Mean ± SD   p-value
Age (per years) 72 ± 12   0.01 0.53
Sex, male, n (%) 388 (61) 18.8 ± 4.7 -0.8 0.05
Height (cm) 170 ± 9   0.01 0.69
Weight (kg) 76 ± 18   0.02 0.11
BMI (kg/m2) 26 ± 5   0.06 0.20
Heart rate 92 ± 26   -0.02 0.004
Medical history     
Ischemic etiology of heart failure 279 (44%) 19.2 ± 5.0 -1.7 0.0003
Hypertension 167 (26%) 18.3 ± 5.2 0.4 0.43
Heart Failure, previously diagnosed 423 (67%) 19.2 ± 4.9 -1.3 0.002
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation 157 (25%) 18.7 ± 5.4 -1.4 0.005
Diabetes, type I or II 95 (15%) 18.4 ± 5.2 -0.1 0.83
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease 140 (22%) 18.2 ± 5.2 1.0 0.05
Smoking, current 193 (31%) 18.0 ± 5.1 1.1 0.01
Reduced renal function 67 (11%) 18.4 ± 5.2 -0.3 0.66