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Table 1 Demographics, clinical and laboratory characteristics

From: Reduced global longitudinal strain in association to increased left ventricular mass in patients with aortic valve stenosis and normal ejection fraction: a hybrid study combining echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging

Aortic Stenosis vs. Controls Aortic Stenosis
Variable Aortic stenosis
(n = 38)
Controls
(n = 31)
p Value Normal
LVM
(n = 21)
Mildly
LVM ↑
(n = 10)
Considerably LVM ↑
(n = 7)
p Value
Age (mean ± SD) 73 ± 9 69 ± 10 0,08 75 ± 5 70 ± 11 70 ± 15 0,31
Woman 42% 52% 0,29 48% 30% 42% 0,64
CAD 66% 45% 0,07 52%# 100%# 57% 0,03 # *
Hx of MI 10% 36% 0,01* 5% 20% 14% 0,41
Hx of CABG 5% 10% 0,37 5% 0% 14% 0,42
Diabetes mellitus 34% 20% 0,15 27% 40% 43% 0,72
Hypertension 87% 92% 0,38 90% 80% 85% 0,72
Hyperlipidemia 53% 83% 0,01* 47% 60% 57% 0,8
Smoking 16% 57% 0,001 14% 10% 29% 0,56
ACE-inhibitor 66% 58% 0,34 62% 60% 85% 0,48
β-Blockers 76% 74% 0,52 81% 70% 71% 0,75
Statins 50% 64% 0,18 38% 50% 85% 0,41
CRP (mg/dl) 0,94 0,99 0,91 1,1 0,6 1,1 0,85
NTproBNP (pg/ml)   n.d. n.d. 1635# 2015# 5988 0,05 # *
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1,08 1,07 0,92 1,07 1,08 1,09 0,99
  1. ACE = angiotensine converting enzyme, CAD = coronary artery disease, dl = deciliter; Hx = history of, LVM = left ventricular muscle mass index, mg = milligram, MI = myocardial infarction, n.d. = not done, SD= standard deviation, ↑ = increased, * = significant (p < 0,05)