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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients according to IMT groups.

From: Correlation between coronary artery disease severity, left ventricular mass index and carotid intima media thickness, assessed by radio-frequency

  All IMT < 0.90 IMT 0.91-1.19 IMT > 1.20  
  n = 115 n = 37 n = 38 n = 40 p
Age (years) 65 ± 12 63 ± 15 65 ± 12 67 ± 9 0.33
Male gender 76 (66) 20 (54) 28 (74) 28 (70) 0.16
Smoking 89 (77) 28 (76) 32 (84) 29 (73) 0.45
CAD family history 86 (75) 27 (73) 25 (66) 34 (85) 0.14
Diabetes mellitus 31 (27) 10 (27) 8 (21) 13 (33) 0.52
Dyslipidaemia 72 (63) 25 (68) 16 (42)* 31 (78)# 0.004
Hypertension 86 (75) 26 (70) 30 (79) 30 (75) 0.69
Unstable angina 30 (26) 14 (38) 10 (26) 6 (15) 0.07
NSTEMI/STEMI 85 (74) 23 (62) 28 (74) 34 (85) 0.07
LVMI ( g/m2) 133.5 ± 21.6 114.3 ± 11.1 131.2 ± 8.4 153.5 ± 20.6 < 0.001
Coronary angiography      
RCA 69 (60) 16 (43) 20 (53) 33 (83) 0.001
LAD 26 (23) 7 (19) 5 (13) 14 (35) 0.06
LCX 41 (36) 10 (27) 10 (26) 21 (53)*# 0.022
PDA 25 (22) 4 (11) 8 (21) 13 (33) 0.07
LMCA 2 (2) 0 (0) 1 (3) 1 (3) 0.62
Significantly (> 70%) stenosed coronaries      < 0.001
Monovasal 79 (69) 37 (100) 32 (84)* 10 (25)*#  
Bi-vasal 24 (21) 0 (0) 6 (16) 18 (45)  
Tri-vasal 12 (10) 0 (0) 0 (0) 12 (30)  
PCI 32 (28) 6 (16) 6 (16) 20 (50)*# < 0.0001
CABG 6 (5) 0 (0) 1 (3) 5 (13)*# 0.033
  1. Mean values ± Standard Deviation or number (percentages) of patients.
  2. *P < 0.05 vs. IMT ≤ 0.90; #P < 0.05 vs. IMT 0.91-1.19.
  3. IMT: Intima-media thickness; CAD: coronary artery diseases; RCA: Right coronary artery; LAD: Left Anterior Descending Artery; LCX: left circumflex artery; PDA: posterior descending artery; LMCA: left main coronary artery; PCI: Percutaneous coronary intervention; CABG: Coronary artery bypass surgery; LVMI: left ventricular mass index; NSTEMI: Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction; STEMI: ST segment elevation myocardial infarction