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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the study groups

From: Comparison of left ventricular mechanics in runners versus bodybuilders using speckle tracking echocardiography

  Runner (R) Bodybuilder (B) Normal control (N) p < 0.05 p < 0.01 p < 0.001
n 24 14 15    
age (years) 27 ± 3 27 ± 3 27 ± 3    
height (cm) 182 ± 6 179 ± 6 180 ± 5    
weight (kg) 77 ± 9 90 ± 20 82 ± 9 B > N   B > R
BSA (m 2 ) 1.9 ± 0.1 2.1 ± 0.2 2.0 ± 0.1 B > N B > R  
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 23 ± 2 28 ± 5 25 ± 3   B > N B > R
HR (bpm) 63 ± 8 72 ± 8 74 ± 4    R < B,N
SBP (mmHg) 122 ± 4 132 ± 9 133 ± 4    R < B,N
DBP (mmHg) 75 ± 7 87 ± 4 87 ± 4    R < B,N
  1. One-way ANOVA followed by Fisher post-hoc test. Data are presented as mean ± SD. B: bodybuilders, BMI: body mass index, bpm: beats per minute, BSA: body surface area, DBP: diastolic blood pressure, HR: heart rate, N: normal controls, R: runners, SBP: systolic blood pressure.