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Table 3 Baseline demographics of control and hypertension participants

From: Ultrasound entropy may be a new non-invasive measure of pre-clinical vascular damage in young hypertensive patients

  Controls Hypertension p value
Number 26 42 -
Age (years) 39 45 0.061
Sex (%female) 66.6 69.1 0.488
Body mass index (kgm−2) 24.6 (0.7) 28.3 (1.1) 0.013
Weight (kg) 72.6 (2.8) 86.3 (3.3) 0.005
Current cigarette smoking (%) 0 7.3 0.000
Heart rate (beats min−1) 62 (1) 64 (0.75) 0.057
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 116 (2) 142 (2) 0.000
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 69 (1) 92 (2) 0.000
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 4.5 (0.211) 5.1 (0.16) 0.062
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.8 (0.80) 5.2 (0.75) 0.045
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.6 (0.09) 2.7 (1.26) 0.496
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.7 (0.15) 3.0 (0.13) 0.133
Total cholesterol:HDL ratio 3.1 (0.23) 3.9 (0.23) 0.015
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 0.9 (0.12) 1.5 (0.15) 0.005
Proportion with eGFR >60 (l/min/1.73 m2) 100 100 1.000
  1. Values are expressed as mean (standard error of the mean). HDL = high density lipoprotein; LDL = low density lipoprotein; eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate.