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Table 1 Demographic and medical data of studied population

From: Feasibility and accuracy of bedside transthoracic echocardiography in diagnosis of acute proximal aortic dissection

Variable  
Age ± SD [yrs] 58,69 ± 12,61
Women/men n (%) 47 (26,4%)/131 (73,6%)
Cardiogenic shock n (%) 131 (73,6%)
Marfan syndrome n (%) 2 (1,12%)
Trauma prior to admission n (%) 1 (0,56%)
History of the cardiac or vascular surgery n (%) 11 (6,18%)
Prior AVR 5 (2,81%)
Prior CABG 4 (2,25%)
Prior abdominal aneurysm repair 2 (1,12%)
Type of cardiac surgery n (%)  
Alloplasty of ascending aorta using composite aortic graft (Bental de Bono procedure) 101 (58,72%)
Alloplasty of ascending aorta sparing aortic valve 63 (36,63%)
Alloplasty of aortic arch 36 (20,93%)
Aortic valve plasty 5 (2,91%)
CABG 10 (5,81%)
Stent-graft deployment in the descending aorta 2 (1,16%)
The brachio-cephalic trunk plasty 2 (1,16%)
MVR 1 (0,58%)
Deaths n (%) 69 (38,76%)
Preoperative 6 (3,37%)
Intraoperative 30 (16,85%)
Postoperative (before discharge) 33 (18,54%)
Echocardiographic findings  
Aortic dissection n (%) 159 (89,32%)
Severe aortic dilatation (max. diameter ≥ 60 mm) n (%) 60 (34,48%)
LVEF ± SD [%] 49,62 ± 11,97
LVEF ≤ 35% n (%) 32 (18,39%)
Regional wall motion abnormalities n (%) 55 (31,6%)
Cardiac tamponade n (%) 48 (26,97%)
Bicuspid aortic valve n (%) 9 (5,06%)
Calcification of the tricuspid aortic valve n (%) 10 (5,62%)
Moderate/severe aortic regurgitation n (%) 53 (29,78%)
Calcific mitral stenosis n (%) 1 (0,56%)