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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Left carotid adventitial vasa vasorum signal correlates directly with age and with left carotid intima-media thickness in individuals without atheromatous risk factors

  Female (n = 34) Male (n = 31) p-value
Age (years) 50 ± 10 48 ± 11 0.626
Glucose (mg/dl) 91.7 ± 10 93.9 ± 7 0.092
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 177.3 ± 26 181.4 ± 27 0.275
HDL-Cholesterol (mg/dl) 58.8 ± 11 49.1 ± 12 0.003
LDL- Cholesterol (mg/dl)* 106.3 (94–120) 122.6 (97–136) 0.032
TG (mg/dl)* 56.0 (48–68) 65.0 (47–90) 0.205
CRP (mg/l)* 0.8 (0.5-1.7) 0.8 (0.5-2.3) 0.568
SBP (mmHg) 120.3 ± 14 124.4 ± 11 0.106
DBP (mmHg) 74.5 ± 8 74.9 ± 8 0.989
PP (mmHg) 45.8 ± 10 48.6 ± 9 0.264
WC (cm) 85.7 ± 10 91.9 ± 8 0.009
BMI (Kg/m2) 24.8 ± 4 25.2 ± 2 0.290
  1. *Identified variables with non-normal distribution. Values of these variables are described with Median (IQR). For variables with no significant deviations from normal distribution, values are provided as mean ± standard deviation. Mann–Whitney test p-values to test differences between females and males are provided given the small sample size. Statistically significant p-values are indicated in bold.
  2. TG: triglycerides; CRP: C-reactive protein; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; PP: pulse pressure; WC: waist circumference; BMI: body mass index.