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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Strain echocardiography identifies impaired longitudinal systolic function in patients with septic shock and preserved ejection fraction

  Sepsis Trauma p-value Sepsis Trauma p-value
All (n = 48) (n = 24) EF ≥ 50 % (n = 34) EF ≥ 50 % (n = 23)
Age (years) 54 ± 14 40 ± 17 0.001 53 ± 14 41 ± 16 0.006
Male sex, n (%) 30 (62) 19 (79) 0.153 22 (65) 18 (78) 0.272
Weight, kg 77.1 ± 15.6 80.3 ± 13.9 0.386 78.7 ± 14.8 79.9 ± 14.1 0.763
Study day from ICU arrival 1.4 ± 0.7 1.8 ± 0.9 0.040 1.3 ± 0.6 1.9 ± 1.0 0.010
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 38 (79) 15 (63) 0.130 26 (76) 15 (65) 0.354
SAPS II on ICU arrival 68.3 ± 14 44.6 ± 13 <0.001 67 ± 15 44 ± 14 <0.001
Injury Severity Score   32 ± 19    32 ± 19  
ICU length of stay 10.7 ± 10 6.6 ± 7.8 0.081 10.3 ± 11 6.8 ± 8 0.191
ICU mortality (%) 14 8.3 0.450 5 (15) 1 (4) 0.211
30-day mortality (%) 27 8.3 0.065 8 (24) 1 (4) 0.051
Cause of sepsis, n (%)       
Pulmonary infection, n (%) 27 (56)    19 (56)   
Necrotising fasciitis, n (%) 4 (8)    3 (9)   
Urosepsis, n (%) 3 (6)    3 (9)   
Abdominal sepsis, n (%) 11 (23)    7 (21)   
Other, n (%) 3 (6)    2 (6)   
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD, SAPS II; Simplified Acute Physiology Score, ICU; Intensive Care Unit