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Table 4 Conventional echocardiographic variables

From: Strain echocardiography identifies impaired longitudinal systolic function in patients with septic shock and preserved ejection fraction

  Healthy controls Sepsis Trauma p-value Sepsis Trauma p-value
(n = 16) All (n = 48) All (n = 24) sepsis vs trauma EF ≥ 50 % (n = 34) EF ≥ 50 % (n = 23) sepsis vs trauma
LV end-diastolic volume (ml) 107 ± 19 92 ± 29 96 ± 20 0.500 89 ± 20 97 ± 21 0.174
LV end-systolic volume (ml) 40 ± 8 41 ± 18 38 ± 11 0.501 36 ± 12 38 ± 11 0.491
LV ejection fraction (%) 63 ± 4 54 ± 12 60 ± 7 0.019 60 ± 8 60 ± 6 0.973
LV fractional shortening (%) 59 ± 4 49 ± 12 55 ± 9 0.066 49 ± 12 55 ± 9 0.832
RV fractional area change (%) 47 ± 6 40 ± 16 45 ± 26 0.067 54 ± 10 55 ± 9 0.156
Stroke volume (ml) 84 ± 20 68 ± 22 70 ± 14 0.711 74 ± 20 71 ± 13 0.457
TVI-LVOT (cm) 22 ± 3 17.5 ± 5 18.6 ± 4 0.356 19.2 ± 4.4 18.9 ± 4.0 0.802
Cardiac output (l/min) 5.6 ± 1.5 6.7 ± 2.3 6.0 ± 1.9 0.273 7.2 ± 2.1 6.2 ± 1.8 0.070
LV IVRT (ms) 82 ± 24 65 ± 23 68 ± 20 0.603 63 ± 23 68 ± 20 0.437
E-deceleration time (ms) 193 ± 38 175 ± 59 172 ± 55 0.845 177 ± 66 172 ± 55 0.746
E (cm/sek) 72 ± 16 77 ± 30 69 ± 15 0.262 80 ± 34 69 ± 15 0.969
A (cm/sek) 54 ± 15 60 ± 28 54 ± 15 0.357 65 ± 28 54 ± 15 0.183
E/A 1.3 ± 0.4 1.5 ± 0.8 1.3 ± 0.4 0.342 1.3 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.4 0.122
S/D 1.1 ± 0.2 0.9 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.3 0.939 1.0 ± 0.3 0.9 ± 0.3 0.623
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD. LV left ventricular; RV right ventricular; TVI-LVOT time velocity integral of the LV outflow tract; E-deceleration time peak early LV diastolic flow deceleration time; E maximum flow velocity during early LV diastolic filling; A maximum flow velocity during late diastolic LV filling, S/D; ratio between pulmonary vein peak systolic (S) and peak diastolic (D) flow velocities