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Table 5 Strain echocardiographic variables

From: Strain echocardiography identifies impaired longitudinal systolic function in patients with septic shock and preserved ejection fraction

  Healthy controls Sepsis Trauma p-value sepsis vs trauma Sepsis Trauma p-value sepsis vs trauma
(n = 16) All (n = 48) All (n = 24) EF ≥ 50 % (n = 34) EF ≥ 50 % (n = 23)
LV strain (4-Ch) (%) −18.2 ± 2.3 −14.5 ± 4.4 −16.4 ± 2.4 0.028 −15.4 ± 4.6 −16.5 ± 2.4 0.278
LV strain (2-Ch) (%) −18.9 ± 2.3 −13.8 ± 4.5 −17.7 ± 4.2 0.001 −14.9 ± 4.5 −17.7 ± 4.2 0.027
LV strain (3-Ch) (%) −19.3 ± 1.9 −14.2 ± 4.3 −17.9 ± 3.9 0.001 −14.8 ± 4.6 −17.8 ± 3.9 0.018
LV global systolic strain (%) −18.8 ± 1.6 −14.1 ± 3.8 −17.3 ± 2.8 <0.001 −14.9 ± 4.0 −17.3 ± 2.9 0.014
RV lateral free wall systolic strain (%) −28.8 ± 2.8 −19.5 ± 5.4 −24.7 ± 5.0 <0.001 −20.8 ± 5.5 −25.0 ± 5.0 0.008
  1. Data are presented as means ± SD. LV left ventricular; Ch chamber; RV right ventricular