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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics according to aPWV groups

From: Left ventricular twist mechanics and its relation with aortic stiffness in chronic kidney disease patients without overt cardiovascular disease

  Normal PWV <10 m/s Increased PWV ≥ 10 m/s p-value
n = 64 n = 42
Conventional echocardiography    
 Simpsons biplane EF (%) 62.9 ± 5 61.3 ± 4.7 0.48
 TDI S’ – septal (cm/s) 10.6 ± 2.4 8.6 ± 1.9 0.03*
 LVMI (g/m2) 63.7 ± 19 78.4 ± 22 0.01*
 RWT 0.44 ± 0.09 0.51 ± 0.12 0.001*
 E/e (average) 8.9 ± 3.7 10.8 ± 4.2 0.01*
 LA (cm) 3.68 ± 0.58 3.9 ± 0.63 0.001*
Diastolic dysfunction (%)    
 Not present 40.6 22.5 0.001*
 Type 1 50 40  
 Type 2 9.4 34.9  
 LV Twist (°) 19.8 ± 5.4 23.5 ± 5.7 <0.001*
 GLS(%) −19.6 ± 3.3 −17.1 ± 2.9 0.002*
 GCS(%) −23.3 ± 4.3 −22.8 ± 4.9 0.159
  1. LVMI left ventricular mass index; RWT regional wall thickness; EF ejection fraction; LV left ventricle, GLS Global longitudinal strain; GCS Global circumferential strain
  2. *Statistically significant difference between groups