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Table 1 Right ventricular volume and cardiac function parameters: Comparison between affected fetuses with and without visible left ventricular cavity, and gestational age-matched controls

From: Evaluation of right ventricular function in fetal hypoplastic left heart syndrome using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC)

Group N Gestational age (weeks) RVEDV (mL) RVESV (mL) RVSV (mL) RVCO (mL/min) RVEF (%)
Control 151 30.16 ± 3.85 3.54 ± 1.50 1.33 ± 0.56 2.21 ± 0.97 321.89 ± 142.02 62.31 ± 4.15
HLHS-LV cavity visible 26 29.12 ± 3.54 4.18 ± 1.52* 1.88 ± 0.99* 2.30 ± 0.80* 337.89 ± 113.65* 56.74 ± 11.05*
HLHS-LV cavity invisible 13 29.50 ± 3.20 4.55 ± 1.39* 1.93 ± 0.70* 2.62 ± 0.83* 377.46 ± 124.96* 57.38 ± 6.99*
  1. Abbreviations: HLHS Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, LV left ventricle, RVEDV right ventricular end-diastolic volume, RVESV right ventricular end-systolic volume, RVSV right ventricular stroke volume, RVCO right ventricular cardiac output, RVEF right ventricular ejection fraction
  2. * P < 0.001, vs. control group, after adjusting for gestational age