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Table 2 Estimated fetal weight and biological parameters: Comparison between the affected fetuses with and without visible left ventricular cavity, and gestational age-matched controls

From: Evaluation of right ventricular function in fetal hypoplastic left heart syndrome using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC)

Group N Gestational age (weeks) RVCO/EFW (mL/min/kg) RVCO/HC (mL/min/cm) RVCO/AC (mL/min/cm) RVCO/FL (mL/min/cm)
Control 151 30.16 ± 3.85 207.01 ± 31.59 11.30 ± 4.02 11.92 ± 3.86 54.84 ± 18.43
HLHS-LV cavity visible 26 29.12 ± 3.54 260.23 ± 68.07* 12.52 ± 3.36* 13.48 ± 3.73* 61.83 ± 16.23*
HLHS-LV cavity invisible 13 29.50 ± 3.20 276.71 ± 66.09* 13.86 ± 3.66* 14.61 ± 3.63* 67.18 ± 15.85*
  1. Abbreviations: HLHS hypoplastic left heart syndrome, LV left ventricle, RVCO right ventricular cardiac output, EFW estimated fetal weight, HC head circumference, AC abdominal circumference, FL femur length
  2. *P < 0.001, vs. control group, after adjusting for gestational age