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Table 3 Right ventricular volume and fetal cardiac function parameters: Comparison between the affected fetuses with different degrees of tricuspid regurgitation and gestational age-matched controls

From: Evaluation of right ventricular function in fetal hypoplastic left heart syndrome using spatio-temporal image correlation (STIC)

Group N Gestational age (weeks) RVEDV (mL) RVESV (mL) RVSV (mL) RVCO (mL/min) RVEF (%)
Control 151 30.16 ± 3.85 3.54 ± 1.50 1.33 ± 0.56 2.21 ± 0.97 321.89 ± 142.02 62.31 ± 4.15
HLHS-mild TR 29 29.43 ± 3.64 4.17 ± 1.43* 1.62 ± 0.67* 2.55 ± 0.81* 369.35 ± 118.41* 61.92 ± 4.78
HLHS-severe TR 10 28.61 ± 2.60 4.69 ± 1.59*# (P = 0.008) 2.71 ± 0.99*## 1.98 ± 0.66# (P = 0.003) 298.09 ± 101.94# (P = 0.014) 42.56 ± 4.93*##
  1. Abbreviations: HLHS hypoplastic left heart syndrome, TR tricuspid regurgitation, RVEDV right ventricular end-diastolic volume; RVESV right ventricular end-systolic volume, RVSV right ventricular stroke volume, RVCO right ventricular cardiac output, RVEF right ventricular ejection fraction
  2. * P < 0.001 vs. control group, after adjusting for gestational age; # P < 0.05, ## P < 0.001 vs. HLHS-mild TR, after adjusting for gestational age