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Table 3 Arterial wall thickness, diameter and ratio

From: Arterial adaptations to training among first time marathoners

  Marathon training group (n = 14) Control (n = 11)
  Initial Final Initial Final
Carotid     
 TWT (mm) 1.02 ± .07 .91 ± .16 .98 ± .06 .92 ± .06
 IMT (mm) .52 ± .08 .48 ± .10 .55 ± .05 .47 ± .09
 LD (mm) 5.85 ± .86 5.90 ± .63 5.86 ± .97 5.74 ± .88
 W:L .18 ± .03 .16 ± .02 .17 ± .03 .16 ± .02
Brachial     
 TWT (mm) .99 ± .16** .84 ± .10 .92 ± .14 .92 ± .01
 IMT (mm) .49 ± .09 .42 ± .08 .46 ± .10 .47 ± .07
 LD (mm) 3.38 ± .35*, ** 3.57 ± .41 2.98 ± .28 2.88 ± .29
 W:L .29 ± .04** .24 ± .03 .31 ± .04 .32 ± .04
Popliteal     
 TWT (mm) .96 ± .09** .86 ± .11 .89 ± .11 .88 ± .07
 IMT (mm) .47 ± .05 .44 ± .07 .46 ± .06 .48 ± .08
 LD (mm) 4.73 ± .48*, ** 5.11 ± .72 4.13 ± .51 4.15 ± .48
 W:L .20 ± .03b .17 ± .03 .22 ± .02 .21 ± .02
  1. TWT total wall thickness, IMT intima-media thickness, LD lumen diameter, W: L wall to lumen ratio
  2. *p < .025 between groups during initial training
  3. **p < .025 within group initial and final training