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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics of the study populations

From: Evaluation of left atrial function in patients with iron-deficiency anemia by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography

Variables Group A Group B Group C
(n = 30) (n = 34) (n = 31)
LAD(mm) 32.69 ± 2.43 34.00 ± 2.80 37.49 ± 1.61*#
LVDd(mm) 43.51 ± 2.45 43.90 ± 2.36 44.35 ± 2.92
IVSTd(mm) 8.79 ± 0.67 9.10 ± 0.41 9.20 ± 0.60
PWTd(mm) 8.82 ± 0.76 9.06 ± 0.33 9.16 ± 0.53
E velocity(m/s) 0.96 ± 0.15 0.90 ± 0.18 0.72 ± 0.12*#
A velocity(m/s) 0.77 ± 0.15 0.78 ± 0.12 1.05 ± 0.16*#
E/A 1.13 ± 0.39 1.14 ± 0.34 0.70 ± 0.06*#
LAVmax(ml) 35.53 ± 2.66 37.09 ± 3.51 55.71 ± 8.72*#
LAVmin(ml) 14.19 ± 1.32 14.47 ± 1.39 22.27 ± 3.93*#
LAVp (ml) 20.66 ± 1.54 20.65 ± 1.50 36.92 ± 5.57*#
LAPEF(%) 41.87 ± 3.23 43.33 ± 2.58 33.33 ± 2.60*#
LAAEF(%) 31.42 ± 2.39 29.95 ± 3.18 40.01 ± 6.17*#
  1. LAD left atrial dimension, LVDd left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, IVSTd end-diastolic thickness of ventricular septum, PWTd end-diastolic thickness of LV posterior wall, E/A ratio of peak early and
  2. late diastolic velocities, LAVmax Left atrial maximum volume, LAVmin LA minimum volume, LAVp LA pre-atrial volume, LAPEF left atrial passive emptying fraction, LAAEF left atrial active emptying fraction. *P <0.01 versus the control group. #P <0.01 versus the mild group