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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for the cohort of patients with acute PE

From: Clinical and echocardiographic predictors of mortality in acute pulmonary embolism

Parameter (n) All patients Non-Survivors Survivors p-Value
69 14 55  
Age at Diagnosis (69) 55 [43–72] 60 [53.5–69.8] 50 [42.5–72] 0.11
Female Gender (69) 33 (48) 6 (42.86) 27 (49.09) 0.77
Body Mass Index (69) 27 [23–28] 26.5 [22.2–27] 27 [23–28] 0.42
Vital Signs:
 Systolic Blood Pressure (66) 118 [107–137] 111 [99.5–144.8] 118 [109–136.5] 0.38
 Diastolic Blood Pressure (66) 73 [61.5–81.5] 65 [60.8–71] 75.5 [63.5–83.8] 0.08
 Heart Rate (66) 94 [84–111.5] 115 [102.2–125.5] 90 [81.8–105.8] 0.02
 Respiratory Rate (66) 20 [18–24] 24 [21.5–28] 20 [18–24] 0.01
 Fraction of Inspired Oxygen (69) 0.2 [0.2–0.3] 0.3 [0.2–0.4] 0.2 [0.2–0.3] 0.01
 Troponin T level (ng/mL) (23) 0.1 [0–0.3] 0.6 [0.5–0.7] 0.1 [0–0.2] <0.01
Medical History
 Essential Hypertension (69) 25 (36.23) 9 (64.29) 16 (29.09) 0.03
 Type II Diabetes (69) 4 (5.8) 1 (7.14) 3 (5.45) >0.99
 Hypothyroidism (69) 6 (8.7) 1 (7.14) 5 (9.09) >0.99
 Chronic Kidney Disease (69) 3 (4.35) 1 (7.14) 2 (3.64) 0.5
 Previous Venous Thromboembolism (69) 9 (13.04) 0 (0) 9 (16.36) 0.19
 Connective Tissue Disease (69) 2 (2.9) 1 (7.14) 1 (1.82) 0.37
 Active Malignancy (69) 20 (28.99) 8 (57.14) 12 (21.82) 0.02
 Orthopedic Fracture or Injury (69) 5 (7.25) 0 (0) 5 (9.09) 0.58
 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (69) 5 (7.25) 3 (21.43) 2 (3.64) 0.05
Shortness of Breath:
 NYHA class1 2 (2.9) 0 (0) 2 (3.64)  
 NYHA class2 5 (7.25) 1 (7.14) 4 (7.27)  
 NYHA class3 15 (21.74) 1 (7.14) 14 (25.45)  
 NYHA class4 47 (68.12) 12 (85.71) 35 (63.64)  
Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) class (69)     <0.01
 Class 1 32 (46.38) 1 (7.14) 31 (56.36)  
 Class 2 10 (14.49) 2 (14.29) 8 (14.55)  
 Class 3 17 (24.64) 5 (35.71) 12 (21.82)  
 Class 4 10 (14.49) 6 (42.86) 4 (7.27)  
  1. Shown are median and inter-quartile range in brackets or number of patients with percent of patients in parentheses. P-value denotes comparison between non-survivors and survivors
  2. Abbreviations: NYHA New York Heart Association