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Table 3 Univariable analysis of clinical and echocardiographic parameters in predicting outcome in acute PE

From: Clinical and echocardiographic predictors of mortality in acute pulmonary embolism

  OR 2.5 % 97.5 % Estimate SE Z p-value
Age at Diagnosis (69) (years) 0.98 0.94 1.01 −0.02 0.02 −1.44 0.15
Female Gender (69) 1.29 0.39 4.20 0.25 0.60 0.42 0.68
Body Mass Index (69) (kg/m2) 1.06 0.93 1.20 0.06 0.06 0.87 0.39
Systolic blood pressure (66) (mmHg) 1.01 0.99 1.04 0.01 0.01 0.91 0.36
Diastolic blood pressure (66) (mmHg) 1.04 1.00 1.10 0.04 0.02 1.80 0.07
Malignancy (69) 0.21 0.06 0.72 −1.56 0.63 −2.48 0.01
Troponin T (23) (ng/mL) 0.00 0.00 0.52 −13.18 6.39 −2.06 0.04
CK-MB (50) (ng/mL) 0.99 0.93 1.04 −0.01 0.03 −0.52 0.60
Mild subjective RV dilation (69) 0.58 0.12 2.77 −0.54 0.80 −0.68 0.50
Moderate subjective RV dilation (69) 2.41 0.27 21.81 0.88 1.12 0.78 0.43
Severe subjective RV dilation (69) 0.29 0.05 1.61 −1.23 0.87 −1.42 0.16
Mild subjective RV dysfunction (69) 0.75 0.13 4.44 −0.29 0.91 −0.32 0.75
Moderate subjective RV dysfunction (69) 0.52 0.12 2.17 −0.66 0.73 −0.90 0.37
Severe subjective RV dysfunction (69) 0.37 0.06 2.53 −0.98 0.97 −1.01 0.31
LV ejection fraction 40–50 % (69) 2.00 0.19 20.61 0.69 1.19 0.58 0.56
LV ejection fraction > 50 %(69) 5.33 0.93 30.74 1.67 0.89 1.87 0.06
Global RVLS (69) (%) 0.88 0.78 0.99 −0.13 0.06 −2.13 0.03
Free wall RV strain (69) (%) 0.90 0.82 1.00 −0.10 0.05 −2.00 0.05
TAPSE (52) (cm) 1.47 0.43 4.96 0.38 0.62 0.62 0.54
RV/LV ratio in systolic (52) 1.10 0.23 5.22 0.10 0.79 0.12 0.90
RV/LV ratio in diastolic (52) 0.39 0.02 6.50 −0.95 1.44 −0.66 0.51
RV Tei index (59) 0.00 0.00 0.34 −7.00 3.02 −2.32 0.02
RVFAC (67) 1.05 1.00 1.12 0.05 0.03 1.81 0.07
PAAT (64) (ms × 10) 1.07 0.89 1.30 0.07 0.10 0.72 0.47
PESI class 3 (69) 0.13 0.01 1.61 −2.05 1.29 −1.59 0.11
PESI class 4 (69) 0.08 0.01 0.73 −2.56 1.15 −2.23 0.03
PESI class 5 (69) 0.02 0.00 0.23 −3.84 1.20 −3.19 <0.01
  1. Odds ratio (survival over non-survival), 95 % confidence interval, estimate, standard error, and p-value of the univariable logistic regression models are shown
  2. Abbreviations: CK-MB, creatine kinase-myocardial band, RV right ventricle, LV left ventricle, RVLS RV longitudinal strain, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, RVFAC RV fractional area change, PAAT pulmonary artery acceleration time, PESI pulmonary embolism severity index