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Table 2 Echocardiographic five-year follow-up of the soccer players

From: Left ventricular remodeling and the athlete’s heart, irrespective of quality load training

  I year II year III year IV year V year
Age (yrs) 23,0 ± 4,74 24,2 ± 4,71 25,5 ± 4,97 26,3 ± 4,96 27,4 ± 4,88
BSA (m2) 1,92 ± 0,12 1,94 ± 0,12 1,95 ± 0,11 1,94 ± 0,14 1,95 ± 0,12
Height (cm) 180,32 ± 6,64 180,92 ± 6,09 181,04 ± 6,26 181,07 ± 6,27 181,11 ± 6,31
Weight (kg) 74,84 ± 7,80 76,33 ± 7,02 76,15 ± 9,63 77,54 ± 6,87 77,0 ± 9,83
HR 61,4 ± 11,78 60,6 ± 11,67 60 ± 11,10 60,2 ± 8,74 60,1 ± 8,58
IVS (mm) 10,08 ± 1,6 10,12 ± 0,88 10,05 ± 0,84 10,23 ± 0,90 10,22 ± 0,91
PW (mm) 9,65 ± 0,89 9,84 ± 0,65 9,80 ± 0,87 9,85 ± 0,79 9,85 ± 0,80
LVEDd(mm) 53,35 ± 3,72 53,36 ± 3,18 53,48 ± 4,91 52,96 ± 2,90 52,98 ± 3,03
LVESd(mm) 32,73 ± 2,97 33,07 ± 2,74 32,97 ± 3,08 32,59 ± 2,95 32,69 ± 2,72
LVCMi(g/m2) 97,5 ± 25,6 98,5 ± 30,6 96,5 ± 20,4 96,4 ± 21,3 97,8 ± 23,26
AoR(mm) 30,22 ± 3,41 33,07 ± 2,74 31,93 ± 2,90 32,21 ± 2,83 32,28 ± 2,88
Atrium (mm) 34,02 ± 6,39 34,69 ± 5,96 35,90 ± 2,50 35,79 ± 2,67 35,76 ± 3,38
RV(mm) 23,11 ± 4,64 22,39 ± 2,72 23,19 ± 2,79 23,47 ± 2,82 23,54 ± 2,96
EF% 67,05 ± 5,04 66,14 ± 3,10 65,03 ± 3,67 65,87 ± 4,12 66 ± 3,64
E peck (cm/s) 63,11 ± 5,13 71,00 ± 9,75 77,11 ± 14,77 81,17 ± 12,95 83,11 ± 4,24
A peak (cm/s) 37,02 ± 4,97 37,78 ± 9,74 44,67 ± 8,12 43,12 ± 15,86 37,53 ± 11,31
DT (ms) 211,67 ± 31,24 203,44 ± 38,27 195,67 ± 41,33 178,09 ± 35,90 165,51 ± 7,78
IVRT (ms) 80,11 ± 8,73 77,12 ± 8,77 76,44 ± 9,43 70,33 ± 10,61 66,18 ± 5,65
E/A 1,87 ± 0,43 1,96 ± 0,52 2,17 ± 1,19 2,73 ± 1,66 2,33 ± 0,59
  1. Legend: BSA body surface area, HR heart rate, IVS interventricular septum, PW posterior wall, LVEDd left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVESd left ventricular end-systolic diameter, LVCMI left ventricular Cardiac mass index, Aor diameter of aortic root, RV right ventricular diameter;% EF ejection fraction. E peck E wave, A A peck, DT Deceleration Time, IVRT, Isovolumic relaxation time, wave, E/A E/A ratio