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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients

From: The impact of preload on 3-dimensional deformation parameters: principal strain, twist and torsion

  Total (n = 58)
Age (years) 59 ± 12
Male (%) 29 (50)
Ultrafiltration rate (mL/kg/h) 11.5 ± 4.6
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11.4 ± 1.1
Hematocrit (%) 33.4 ± 5.2
Albumin (g/dL) 4.1 ± 0.3
Calcium × phosphate product 48.7 ± 17.5
Cause of renal failure (%)
 Diabetes mellitus 36 (62)
 Hypertension 17 (29)
 Chronic glomerulonephritis 3 (5)
 Others causes or cryptogenic 2 (4)
 Stroke (%) 6 (10)
Current medication (%)
 ACEia 0 (0)
 ARBb 42 (72)
 CCBc 34 (62)
 Beta blocker 37 (64)
 Statin 10 (17)
  1. a ACEi angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, b ARB angiotensin receptor blocker, c CCB calcium channel blocker