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Table 1 Demographics and echocardiographic data of the athletes and the sedentary controls

From: Myocardial performance index in female athletes

  Athletes (n = 32) Sedentary (n = 34) p-value
Age (years) 20.4 ± 2.0 23.2 ± 1.7 < 0.001
Length (cm) 175 ± 7 171 ± 5 0.02
Weight (kg) 73.1 ± 8.0 64.3 ± 8.5 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 23.9 ± 2.1 22.0 ± 2.8 0,002
BSA (m2) 1.88 ± 0.13 1.75 ± 0.12 < 0.001
Heart rate (beats/min) 56 ± 8 70 ± 13 < 0.001
SBP (mm Hg) 121 ± 8 121 ± 11 ns
DBP (mm Hg) 67 ± 6 71 ± 7 0.004
MPIRV 0.23 ± 0.13 0.20 ± 0.12 ns
MPILV 0.35 ± 0.07 0.32 ± 0.08 ns
TDMPIlm 0.47 ± 0.06 0.49 ± 0.08 ns
TDMPIs 0.52 ± 0.07 0.54 ± 0.09 ns
TDMPIlt 0.44 ± 0.07 0.45 ± 0.08 ns
mTDMPIm/s 0.50 ± 0.05 0.51 ± 0.07 ns
mTDMPIt/s 0.48 ± 0.06 0.50 ± 0.07 ns
  1. Data values are presented as mean ± SD
  2. Body mass index (BMI), Body surface area (BSA), Diastolic blood pressure (DBP), Systolic blood pressure (SBP), Mean value of tissue Doppler myocardial performance index derived from lateral mitral annulus and septum (mTDMPIm/s), Mean value of tissue Doppler myocardial performance index derived from lateral tricuspid annulus and septum (mTDMPIt/s), Conventional myocardial performance index of left ventricle (MPILV), Conventional myocardial performance index of right ventricle (MPIRV), Myocardial performance index by tissue Doppler of lateral mitral annulus (TDMPIlm), Myocardial performance index by tissue Doppler of lateral tricuspid annulus (TDMPIlt), Myocardial performance index by tissue Doppler of septum (TDMPIs)