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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients with PPM

From: Echocardiographic characteristics of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma and outcomes analysis: a retrospective study

Parameters All (n = 64) Group based on sex Group based on publishing year
Male (n = 40) Female (n = 24) P 1981 to 2000 (n = 22) 2001 to 2015 (n = 42) P
Female 24 (37.5%) NA NA NA 4 (18.2%) 20 (47.6%) 0.03*
Age (yrs.) 39.5 ± 15.5 38.2 ± 16.4 41.5 ± 13.8 0.41 40.6 ± 16.4 38.9 ± 15.1 0.83
Anatomical type n = 58 n = 37 n = 21 0.40 n = 21 n = 37 0.38
 Diffuse 40 (69.0%) 24 (64.9%) 16 (76.2%)   13 (61.9%) 27 (73.0%)  
 Localized 18 (31.0%) 13(35.1%) 5 (23.8%)   8 (38.1%) 10 (27.0%)  
Histopathological type n = 28 n = 20 n = 8 0.40 n = 7 n = 21 0.97
 Epithelioid 15 (53.6%) 8 (40.0%) 7 (87.8%)   4 (57.1%) 11 (52.4%)  
 Sarcomatous 4 (14.3%) 4 (20.0%) 0 (0.0%)   1 (14.3%) 3 (7.1%)  
 Mixed 9 (32.1%) 8 (40.0%) 1 (12.5%)   2 (28.6%) 7 (16.7%)  
Complications n = 51 n = 31 n = 20   n = 18 n = 33  
 Tamponade 19 (37.3%) 11 (35.5%) 8 (40.0%) 0.77 9 (50.0%) 10 (30.3%) 0.23
 Constriction 14 (27.5%) 9 (29.0%) 5 (25.0%) 0.75 6 (33.3%) 8 (24.2%) 0.71
Pleural effusion n = 38 n = 23 n = 15   n = 11 n = 27 0.76
 Left 9 (23.7%) 7 (30.4%) 2 (13.3%)   3 (27.3%) 6 (22.2%)  
 Right 3 (7.9%) 0 3 (20.0%)   0 (0%) 3 (11.1%)  
 Bilateral 21 (55.3%) 13 (56.5%) 8 (53.3%)   6 (54.5%) 15 (55.6%)  
 None 5 (13.2%) 3 (13.0%) 2 (13.3%)   2 (18.2%) 3 (11.1%)  
  1. HR heart rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, NA not applicable
  2. *indicates P < 0.05 between male and female patients