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Table 3 Echocardiographic features of PPM patients with two anatomic classifications

From: Echocardiographic characteristics of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma and outcomes analysis: a retrospective study

Parameter Diffuse type (n = 40) Localized type (n = 18) P value
Age (years) 39.3 ± 16.4 38.6 ± 14.0 0.88
Gender (male, %) 24 (60%) 13 (72.2%) 0.39
Pericardial effusion Size (n = 58)
 Mild 2 (5.0%) 3 (16.7%)  
 Moderate 6 (15.0%) 0 (0%)  
 Massive 26 (65.0%) 11 (61.1%)  
 None 6 (15.0%) 4 (22.2%) 0.58
Pericardial wall thickening (n = 48)a n = 33 n = 15  
 Frequency on echo 9 (27.3%) 0 (0%) 0.04
 Frequency on other exams 31 (93.9%) 2 (13.3%) 0.00
Pericardial cavity mass (n = 51)a n = 34 n = 17  
 Frequency on echo 8 (23.5%) 9 (52.9%) 0.04
 Frequency on other exams 11 (32.4%) 17 (100%) 0.00
In-hospital mortality (n = 36) n = 24 n = 12  
5 (20.8%) 1 (8.3%) 0.64
  1. aincluding cases with at least one another cardiac examinations