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Table 2 Echocardiographic characteristics

From: Are aortic coarctation and rheumatoid arthritis different models of aortic stiffness? Data from an echocardiographic study

Variables Aortic coarctation (19 patients) Controls (38 patients) RA (38 patients)
LV End-diastolic diameter (ml/m2) 2.9 ± 0.3 2.3 ± 0.4 * 2.6 ± 0.3#
LV End-systolic diameter (ml/m 2) 1.9 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.4 * 1.7 ± 0.2#
LV End-diastolic volume (ml/m2) 66 ± 19 56 ± 12 51 ± 9 # §
LV End-systolic volume (ml/m2) 27 ± 9 21 ± 6 17 ± 4 # §
Relative wall thickness 0.35 ± 0.06 0.40 ± 0.07 * 0.43 ± 0.06 # §
Concentric LV geometry (%) 11 45 * 51 #
LV mass index (g/m 2.7) 41 ± 14 38 ± 13 38 ± 7#
LV hypertrophy (%) 37 20 * 6 # §
Inappropriate LV mass (%) 11 10 36 # §
LV stroke volume (ml) 73 ± 25 74 ± 18 59 ± 15 # §
Cardiac index (l/min/ m2) 2.7 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.6#
LV ejection fraction (%) 60 ± 7 63 ± 5 65 ± 5#
LV CESS (dynes/cm2) 166 ± 49 128 ± 48 * 116 ± 28#
LV Sc- midwall shortening (%) 101 ± 15 98 ± 10 85 ± 11
Peak S’ (cm/sec) 7.1 ± 1.3 10.5 ± 3.6 * 10.2 ± 1.6#
Low peak S’ (%) 84 55 * 27# §
Peak E’ (cm/sec) 10.6 ± 3.5 12.3 ± 1.7 13.6 ± 2.2
E wave of transmitral flow (cm/sec) 103 ± 16 86 ± 19 * 75 ± 17# §
A wave of transmitral flow (cm/sec) 69 ± 25 64 ± 16 62 ± 15
E / A ratio 1.4 ± 0.36 1.4 ± 0.24 1.3 ± 0.40#
E / E’ ratio 10.5 ± 3.6 7.5 ± 2.3 * 5.6 ± 1.1# §
LV diastolic dysfunction (%) 11 2 * 3#
Maximal left atrial volume (ml/ m2) 27 ± 11 23 ± 11 18 ± 4
Aortic stiffness index (%) 9.8 ± 12.6 3.1 ± 2.0 * 4.8 ± 2.5#
Abnormally high aortic stiffness (% of patients) 26 10 21
  1. CESS circumferential end-systolic stress, LV left ventricular; Peak E’early diastolic Tissue Doppler velocity of mitral annulus, Peak S’ peak mitral annular systolic velocity (Tissue Doppler Imaging), RA rheumatoid arthritis, Sc stress corrected
  2. * = p < 0.05 controls vs coarctation;
  3. #= p < 0.05 rheumatoid arthritis vs coarctation;
  4. § = p < 0.05 rheumatoid arthritis vs controls