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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Quantitative analysis of mitral valve morphology in atrial functional mitral regurgitation using real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography atrial functional mitral regurgitation

variable Control (n = 25) Patients with AF (n = 168) P
MR- Group (143) MR+ Group (n = 25)
Age, years 66 ± 7 62 ± 6 66 ± 7 0.20
Women, n (%) 12(48.9) 68(47.8) 11(46.9) 0.96
Body surface area, m2 1.88 ± 0.16 1.92 ± 0.18 1.87 ± 0.15 0.22
Paroxysmal AF, n (%)   83(58.2%) 12(48.8%) 0.12
Duration of AF, years 4.3 ± 1.0 4.9 ± 0.5# <0.01
History of Hypertension, n (%) 14 (56%) 90 (58%) 16 (64%) 0.55
History of Diabetes Mellitus, n (%) 5 (20%) 32 (21%) 4 (16%) 0.6
Status during echocardiography
 Sinus rhythm, n (%) 25(100%) 36(25.1%)* 8(30.4%)* <0.01
 Heart rate, (beats/min) 84 ± 17 89 ± 16 92 ± 12 0.46
 Systolic blood pressure, mmHg 128 ± 13 134 ± 12 132 ± 16 0.86
 Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg 68 ± 9 77 ± 10 73 ± 8 0.59
  1. *P <0.01 vs. controls, #P<0.01 vs. MR-Group